A grapevine is a perennial plant, meaning it has a long life cycle; one which grows and blooms over spring and summer, and lies dormant during autumn and winter months.
Once the leaves have dropped from the vines in autumn, the decaying leaves add nutrients to the ground which help to cultivate the resting vines until spring.
The vineyard team will have finished tying down the fruiting canes to the wire trellis after pruning the vines. We tie down the canes so that they are trained in an easily manageable way.
Tying down allows us to prevent the canes from getting messy and also reduces the risk of frost if the grapes are too low to the ground, tying down also reinforces the cane so that it won't be pulled from the trellis due to the weight of the developing grapes.